When there is an injury or a cut in a body, blood clotting occurs to prevent bleeding but there are times when blood clots form in some vital parts of the body like heart, brain or lungs, which if not treated can cause serious complications.
Medicinal plants occupy an important place in traditional systems of medicine for centuries.
There are many herbs and spices mentioned in Ayurveda that are known to reduce the risk of clotting and improve blood circulation. These herbs and spices contain certain active principles that possess medicinal qualities.
The herbs that act as blood thinners and reduce the risk are:
- Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna): The bark of Arjun tree is considered to be the most important constituent from medicinal point of view. It is one of the beneficial medicinal plants in indigenous system of medicine for the treatment of various critical disorders.
- Arjuna being an excellent anti-oxidant, decreases LDL levels and hence useful in reducing high cholesterol.
- It delivers nourishment to the heart muscles and tissues and helps in the proper functioning of the heart.
- Garlic (Allium sativum): Garlic is commonly known as Lasuna, which signifies the destroyer of many disorders. It is one of the rare herbs which has all the 5 tastes mentioned in Ayurveda except the sour taste.
- It acts as a cardiac tonic as it reduces cholesterol deposition inside the blood vessels making the blood thinner.
- Due to its scraping and pungent qualities, it helps in clearing and opening the body channels.
- Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): Cinnamon stem bark is widely used for therapeutic purposes. It is commonly known as ‘Dalchini’.
- It acts as a blood thinner as it lowers the blood cholesterol and reduces the risk of heart disorders.
- The blood thinning property of cinnamon is due to the presence of coumarin, which is a powerful blood thinning agent. Warfarin which is used in modern practice as a blood thinner is derived from coumarin.
- Turmeric (Curcuma longa): Turmeric is one of the famous herbs in Ayurveda that is used in many forms.
- Turmeric due to its tikta and katu rasa (Pungent and bitter tastes), ushna veerya (hot potency), katu vipaka (undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion), ruksha quality (dry nature), removes the blocks in blood vessels thus making the circulation of blood and nutrients easily.
- The active ingredient of turmeric known as curcumin has anti-inflammatory and blood thinning properties.
- Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Ginger is used as a spice, herbal remedy and flavouring agent in every Indian household.
- Ginger is an anti-inflammatory spice that acts as a blood thinner as well.
- The blood thinner property of ginger is due to the presence of natural acid salicylate in it.
- The drug aspirin acts as a blood thinner which is a synthetic derivative of salicylate.
- Natural salicylates are also effective as blood-thinning medications.
Thus, medicinal plants have much to offer but these should be consumed under the guidance of an Ayurvedic expert.
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